Despite of its small size, Macau has a fairly efficient, affordable and frequent public transport system that covers most of the territory (Take a look at our Macau Bus-Routes Guide for full details on how to reach every attraction and point-of-interest in Macau).
Renting a car is really unnecessary under normal circumstances: The roads are all in good condition but many streets are pretty narrow and congested (especially around the city center) and parking is not always easy to find... Moreover, with such a small area to cover, taking a bus or a taxi (not to mention walking) will usually make more sense.
If you do wish to rent a car in Macau, please note that you must be at least 21 years old, you should hold a valid international driving license and you have to register at the Police Traffic Department of Macau SAR.
Macau's bus network consists of two companies that cover most of the territory (namely, Transmac and TCM). All buses are air conditioned and reasonably comfortable, fares are pretty low and are based on distance traveled.
Final destination and route number are displayed on the bus's top-front panel.
Destinations, itineraries and stops can be found on the information panels, located at every bus stop.
The Macau Pass, a contactless pre-paid smartcard, is Macau's own version of Hong Kong's Octopus Card. It saves the hassle of looking for the exact change and can save some money on transport (if you switch buses, for example, you will not have to pay for the second ride, provided it is less than 45 minutes after the first one...).
The card can be purchased at any branch of Royal Supermarket (where it is also accepted as a method of payment), as well as in Transmac's customer service centres. There is a refundable deposit of MOP$ 50 and a minimum of MOP$ 30
Buses in Macau require exact change (but local passengers will normally help you if you don't have small change)
Plenty of taxis run around the territory. It is easy to find them near the airport, the Hong Kong-Macau Ferry Terminal, and major gaming venues/hotels in the city, though it might be slightly difficult to get one during rush hours on the streets. There are two types of livery on Macau's taxis - one is a black body with cream color top (the black cab) and the other is yellow on the whole (the yellow cab). Radio taxis are available, and there are two hotlines for the black and yellow cabs respectively. Those are : 2851 9519 / 2893 9939.
In order to enhance the quality of taxi services, such as eliminate the language barrier between taxi drivers and passengers, the Tourist Office has provided most taxis with a destination guide which includes the names of the most requested destinations in Chinese, Portuguese and English (although many of the drivers speak some English).
Flag fall is MOP$ 13. This fare covers the first one and a half kilometers (1,500 meters) and in many cases you will not need more than that. Every additional 230 meters will cost you MOP$ 1.5
Every 50 seconds of waiting time (by request, not including red light and traffic jam) will also cost you MOP$ 1.
Additional charges may apply if you wish to carry extra luggage or pets (MOP$ 3 for every piece of baggage) or if you go across the bridges from Macau to Coloane (MOP$ 5) or from Taipa to Coloane (MOP$ 2). No extra charges should apply when traveling from Coloane to Taipa or Macau, or from Taipa to Macau.
Additional MOP$ 5 applies when boarding a taxi at the airport.
Although it is somewhat of a tourist cliché, riding a pedicab is still a fun way to explore Macau...
Pedicabs are two-seats, human-powered tricycles (also known as cycle rickshaw or trishaw). They normally congregate around the old Lisboa and occasionally at the Ferry Pier and offer the visitors a chance to see the city from a different angle... Pedicab drivers speak very little English (if any) and you will have to seriously bargain with them before boarding, as the prices they are asking for are outrages... They will take you along the standard circuit but other than the tourist experience, they can't really be considered as a mean of transportation.